& Uses of Natural Stone | Care
& Cleaning Instructions
Ideal for foyers, bathrooms, floors, and
Marble is found in the mountainous regions
of Canada, Italy, Germany, Spain, the U.S.,
and other countries worldwide. Because of its
beauty and elegance, marble is a popular choice
for countertops, floors, foyers, fireplace facings
and hearths, walls, and windowsills.
Marble adds a sophisticated
element to your home, and its wonderful appearance,
superior engineering characteristics, and ease
of maintenance makes it a natural choice for
floors, wall coverings, table tops, and bathroom
walls, floors, vanity tops, tub decks, and showers.
Another option for marble-loving
homeowners is using another natural stone –
serpentine – for kitchen counters. Sometimes
called the "green" marble, serpentine is not
a true marble but offers a marble-like look.
And, because it is magnesium-silicate based,
it is not sensitive to citric acid and other
An excellent choice for kitchen countertops,
floors, and other heavily used surfaces
Granite, quarried from the mountains of Italy,
the U.S., India, and dozens of other countries
around the world, is one of the most popular
natural stones on the market.
Available in a striking array
of colors, granite's durability and longevity
make it ideal for kitchen countertops and other
heavily used surfaces, including table tops
While some synthetic surfaces
scratch easily and melt under hot cookware,
granite resists heat. Granite is also one of
the most bacteria-resistant kitchen surfaces,
and it is not affected by citric acid, coffee,
tea, alcohol, or wine. It is also nearly impossible
to scratch, and with proper cleaning, will not
stain under normal use (ask your professional
contractor about sealants available to further
improve resistance to staining).
A leading consumer magazine
recently compared granite with engineered stone,
ceramic tile, laminate, butcher block, and other
manufactured surfaces. Granite received the
highest overall performance rating as a kitchen
Because of its exceptional
strength, granite is well suited for exterior
applications such as cladding, paving, and curbing.
Travertine, Limestone, Sandstone
Beautiful enhancements for your home, inside
Travertine, limestone, sandstone, and slate
are other examples of natural stone frequently
used in residential applications.
Travertine is a type of limestone
and one of the most popular natural stones for
interior and exterior wall cladding, interior
and exterior paving, statuary, and curbing.
Limestone is widely used as
a building stone because it is readily available
and easy to handle. Popular applications include
countertops, flooring, interior and exterior
wall cladding, and exterior paving.
Slate is a popular flooring
material and sandstone and slate are often used
for exterior paving stones, or pavers. Other
sandstone applications include fireplace facings,
chimneys, garden walls, patio benches, and poolside.
Additional slate applications include kitchen
countertops, fireplace facings, tabletops, and
& Cleaning Instructions
The natural stone your have
purchased for your home or office is an investment
that will give you many years of beautiful services.
Stone is a natural product and simple care and
maintenance will keep it looking beautiful.
Here are some recommendations for routine care
- Use coasters under all glasses,
particularly those containing alcohol or citrus
juices. Many common foods and drinks contain
acids that will etch or dull the stone surface
- Do not place hot items directly
on the stone surface. Use trivets or mats
under hot dishes and placemats under china,
ceramics, silver or other objects that can
scratch the surface.
Cleaning Procedures &
Dust mop interior floors frequently using a clean
non-treated dry dust mop. Sand, dirt and grit
do the most damage to natural stone surfaces due
to their abrasiveness. Mats or area rugs inside
and outside an entrance will help to minimize
the sand, dirt and grit that will scratch the
stone floor. Be sure that the underside of the
mat or rug is a non-slip surface. Normally, it
will take a person about eight steps on a floor
surface to remove sand or dirt from the bottom
of their shoes. Do not use vacuum cleaners that
are worn. The metal or plastic attachments or
the wheels may scratch the surface.
Clean stone surfaces with a few drops of neutral
cleaner, stone soap (available at hardware stores
or from your stone dealer) or a mild liquid
dishwashing detergent and warm water. Use a
clean rag mop on floors and a soft cloth for
other surfaces for best results. Too much cleaner
or soap may leave a film and cause streaks.
Do not use products that contain lemon, vinegar
or other acids on marble or limestone. Rinse
the surface thoroughly after washing with the
soap solution and dry with a soft cloth. Change
the rinse water frequently. Do not use scouring
powders or creams; these products contain abrasives
that may scratch the surface.
Bath and Other Wet Areas
In the bath or other wet areas, soap scum can
be minimized by using a squeegee after each
use. To remove soap scum, use a non-acidic soap
scum remover or a solution of ammonia and water
(about 1/2 cup ammonia to a gallon of water).
Frequent or over-use of an ammonia solution
may eventually dull the surface of the stone.
Vanity Top Surfaces
Vanity tops may need to have a penetrating sealer
applied. Check with your installer for recommendations.
A good quality marble wax or non-yellowing automobile
paste wax can be applied to minimize water spotting.
Food Preparation Areas
In food preparation areas, the stone may need
to have a penetrating sealer applied. Check
with your installer for recommendations. If
a sealer is applied, be sure that it is non-toxic
and safe for use on food preparation surfaces.
If there are questions, check with the sealer
Outdoor Pool & Patio
In outdoor pool, patio or hot tub areas, flush
with clear water and use a mild bleach solution
to remove algae or moss.
Do's and Don'ts
Call your professional
stone supplier, installer or restoration specialist
for problems that appear too difficult to treat.
- Do dust mop floors frequently
- Do clean surfaces with mild
detergent or stone soap
- Do thoroughly rinse and
dry the surface after washing
- Do blot up spills immediately
- Do protect floor surfaces
with non-slip mats or area rugs and countertop
surfaces with coasters, trivets or placemats
- Don't use vinegar, lemon
juice or other cleaners containing acids on
marble, limestone, travertine or onyx surfaces
- Don't use cleaners that
contain acid such as bathroom cleaners, grout
cleaners or tub & tile cleaners
- Don't use abrasive cleaners
such as dry cleansers or soft cleansers
- Don't mix bleach and ammonia;
this combination creates a toxic and lethal